Monthly current affairs updates
Global Tiger Day also called International Tiger Day is an event marked to raise awareness for tiger conservation. It is observed every year on July 29. It initiated in the year 2010 with an aim to promote a global system to protect the Natural Habitats of Tigers and raise awareness among people to support the conservation plan and their need to support it.
Tiger being top predator/Umbrella species that is at the apex of the food chain helps to keep the population of wild ungulates in check, and hence maintains a balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed.
Therefore, the presence of tigers in the forest acts as an indicator of the well-being of the ecosystem. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem is not sufficiently protected, and neither would it exist for long thereafter.
Another reason to save the tiger is that our forests are water catchment areas. Most tiger habitats are watershed areas of rivers and streams and in turn, improve soil fertility. Thus conserving tigers help conserve freshwater resources, regulate droughts or heavy rains, and benefits the downstream communities.
By conserving and saving tigers the entire wilderness ecosystem is conserved. It is crucial to maintain the life support system. So saving the tiger amounts to saving the ecosystem which is crucial for man’s survival.
India has 70 percent of the world’s tiger population. It has been announced that Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) framework will be extended to all 50 Tiger Reserves of India.
As per the 4th All India Tiger Estimation (AITE), there are 2967 tigers in India.
The largest Tiger Reserve in India is Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana) and the smallest Tiger Reserve in India is Bor Tiger Reserve (Maharashtra).
According to the Tiger Census Report, 2019, the Tiger population has substantially increased from 2,226 in 2014 to around 2,967 in 2019. Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers (526) followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
The Tigers are seen largely in the tropical forests of Asia. The recent reports generated by different international organizations show the tiger population is decreasing.
According to the IUCN Red list, the tiger is listed as an endangered animal. The major threat faced by this species are Poaching, destruction of habitat, insufficient prey, etc. the tigers are killed for skins, bones, and meat.
The list of major threats to the Tiger Population are:
- Man- animal conflict
- Hunting, poaching and illegal trade
- Habitat and loss of prey speciesRecent years have seen a rise in the population of wild lions and tigers in India. The government has initiated many programs related to the conservation of the Tiger population in the country.
According to the World Wildlife Fund and the Global Tiger Forum, the figure of wild tigers has gone up to 3,890 which earlier was 3200.
The wildlife policy of India embraces conservation and protection through the provision of national parks and sanctuaries. This has assisted their sustainable growth and a drastic declining man-animal conflict. A proactive judiciary has shaped a well-built restriction against poachers.
India is now home to 70% of the total Global Tiger Population. The various strategies that are planned for implementation include:
- Tiger reintroduction
- Landscape conservation, and habitat management
- Scrutinizing protocols, strategies for anti-poaching
- Resource Mobilization, and
- Modern equipment and technology for monitoring.
Conservation of tigers may not be an easy task. Proper implementation of projects and programs and the right usage of funds allocated will help in the long run.
Biodiversity conservation has a huge spill economic spill-off as the direct and indirect benefits of Tiger conservation are huge. When we invest in wild tigers, we can help save many other species. This reliance on bountiful natural resources means that conserving natural tiger habitat is vital to the survival of traditional and indigenous peoples across Asia.